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2007 October 31 03:30:20 UTC

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Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Location18.854°N, 145.315°E
Depth248.3 km (154.3 miles)
Distances40 km (25 miles) WNW of Agrihan, Northern Mariana Islands
100 km (65 miles) NNW of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands
410 km (255 miles) N of SAIPAN, Northern Mariana Islands
605 km (375 miles) N of HAGATNA, Guam
Location Uncertaintyhorizontal +/- 4.8 km (3.0 miles); depth +/- 12.5 km (7.8 miles)
ParametersNST=260, Nph=260, Dmin=584 km, Rmss=0.92 sec, Gp= 25°,
M-type=centroid moment magnitude (Mw), Version=7
Event IDus2007jdal
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Earthquake Summary

Small globe showing earthquakeSmall map showing earthquake

Earthquake Summary Poster

  • The following is a release by the United States Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center: An earthquake occurred about 40 km (25 miles) WNW of Agrihan or 405 km (250 miles) N of SAIPAN at 9:30 PM MDT, Oct 30, 2007 (Oct 31 at 1:30 PM local time in Mariana Islands). The magnitude and location may be revised when additional data and further analysis results are available.

  • Felt Reports

    WP 6.9 (GS).

    Tectonic Summary

    The Mariana Islands earthquake of October 31, 2007, occurred in the inclined seismic zone that marks the position of the subducted Pacific plate beneath the overriding Philippine Sea and Mariana plates. The earthquake represents the release of stress resulting from the distortion of the Pacific plate. Earthquakes, such as this one, that have focal depths between 70 and 300 km are commonly termed "intermediate-depth" earthquakes. "Deep-focus" earthquakes, with focal depths greater than 300 km, also occur in the subducted Pacific plate beneath the Mariana island arc. Earthquakes have been reliably located to depths of about 630 km beneath the Mariana arc.

    Although the broad-scale tectonics of the epicentral region are dominated by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath the Philippine Sea plate, the two plates do not have a mutual boundary at the latitude of the earthquake. Instead, they are separated by a spreading ridge (the Mariana Trough) and the small Mariana plate. The Pacific plate thrusts under the Mariana plate at the Mariana Trench. In this region, the Pacific plate moves to the west with respect to the interior of the Philippine Sea plate with a velocity of about 40 mm/year, and it moves to the west with respect to the Mariana plate with a velocity of about 60 mm/year.

    Tsunami Information

    The earthquake locations and magnitudes cited in NOAA tsunami statements and bulletins are preliminary and are superseded by USGS locations and magnitudes computed using more extensive data sets.

    General Tsunami Information